30.8.11

Water and drinking water quality, the problems and potential solutions

Indonesia as a developing country is still facing a great challenge of environmental issues, with no exception of the poor quality of water bodies, resulting poor drinking water quality. As the 2010 population was around 231 million and the number of poor people of 32,53 million, 45 million people still drink from unprotected sources. Based on Report by World Bank, 58% of household drinking water supply in 2007 sourced from ground water, and 15,6 % from river water and wellspring. As most of the people still have low awareness of the importance of drinking water source, such as community behaviour that still defecates at open places, resulting in poor water quality. In fact, 47% of the populations still defecate at rivers and other open places. As the result, report showed that most of river water quality in Indonesia did not meet water criteria class 1, while 6 major rivers in West Java do not meet requirement for drinking water raw water due to pollution by domestic and industrial wastes.

There are many consequences resulting from poor drinking water quality, one impact factor which brings dramatic consequence to public health is communicable disease like diarrhoea. Study illustrated that it was the highest rate followed by Pneumonia for the cause of death for infants with the age from 29 days-11 months in Indonesia. The use of technologies in household water management proved can overcome this issue and improve public health.


It's 4.45 am, and I'm thinking of this? (even looked up for the data)

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