---Yes, and No.
It will be more effective if it works both ways. National level policies should act as the umbrella, while the local level should act as the support policies. Integration between national and local level policies can be tricky. This means other aspects besides energy related policies should also be involved. For instance, in Indonesia, some Ministries have distributed free solar panels to some rural areas in Indonesia. However, this is not supported by an integrated program with a good education and dissemination of the benefit from solar panels, where many people are not aware of its maintenance, and then they eventually sell the solar panels. Success case happened in East Nusa Tenggara (NTT), where power plants are built which utilize hybrid solar, wind, and biodiesel from the seeds of Kosambi, which in some remote areas in NTT, the number of Kosambi seeds are very abundant. This can be successful with the support from national legislation, supported by regional and local policies and also cooperation from the community itself, which was obtained from the equitable dissemination to get the community enthusiasm which is directed appropriately.
In terms of acceleration strategies, Indonesian government is encouraging the application of low-emission technologies in power generation and support development of power plants with renewable energy, as stated within the 2010 MDGs report for Indonesia. Carbon Capture and Storage Technology as one mitigation option would also be implemented to reduce carbon emissions from thermal power. Decentralized energy systems will be supported through a network system that utilizes renewable energy for every island in Indonesia at the local level.