Seeing e-waste management initiatives from other Asian countries, the government of Indonesia can start to establish a new management concept such as specific regulation as a model, particularly in big cities, major waste issues. For instance, regarding legislation there has to be agreement and settlement to build the specific and effective waste management regulations in all contributing institutions, especially from the Ministry of Environment, Ministry of Trade and Ministry of Industry. The objective is to have a better understanding of export-import procedures, where e-waste should be only allowed to be exported but prohibited to be imported, such as refrigerators, washing machines, TV, phones, air conditioners, printed circuit boards, valves and thermion tubes, or cold cathodes. The coordination between the central government and regional governments also need to be increased as soon as the regulation has been compiled.
Secondly, local governments can play a significant role to raise public awareness to implement waste management strategy in association with the “classic” reduce, reuse, and recycle. Raw materials came from e-waste can be managed properly for recycling. In order to do that, public awareness has to be increased. In addition, local governments can provide on-site technical assistance programs to the private companies and facilitate the partnership between private, public and community.
At national and local levels, local governments can promote eco-efficiency and cleaner production concepts in the industrial, consumer, and public sectors of the community. As such, educational programs to raise awareness in business and the community of the need to reduce waste and pollution and also conserve resources, or technical assistance programs that provide on-site help to companies and organizations in reducing pollution at the source. Regulatory programs that promote prevention through mechanisms such as codes, licences and permits, and also encourage manufacturer companies to be involved in managing e-waste of their products can also be promoted. In the industrial and private sectors, and also institutions and organizations itself, there has to be an effective communication, not only between those industries, but also with the local government in order to prevent missed application.
From external aspects, universities and researchers can act as facilitators not only for local governments, but also for the public, to compose a better definition and understanding of the current status of e-waste. Specifically in local communities, among the general public, and among manufacturers to be supported in applying cleaner production approaches.